Did We Learn From The Recession Washington?

Abusive Head Trauma in Infants Doubled During Recession: Study

Financial stress may trigger violent behavior toward babies, researchers say

By Madonna Behen

HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, April 13 (HealthDay News) — Recession-related stress may have triggered an alarming increase in non-accidental head injuries among infants, new research suggests.

The number of babies hospitalized for non-accidental head trauma — a form of child abuse previously known as shaken baby syndrome — doubled during the recent recession, according to the study by researchers at University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital in Cleveland.

“The reasons for why this is happening are beyond the scope of our study, but it may be that more parents are stressed to the breaking point because of economic problems like unemployment and foreclosures,” said lead author Mary I. Huang, a fourth-year medical student at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.

“In many cases, when people are forced to leave their homes, they may be moving in with relatives who might not have as much of a vested interest in taking care of infants,” added Huang, who is scheduled to present the paper Wednesday at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons’ meeting in Denver. Research presented at meetings is considered preliminary until it is published in a peer-reviewed journal.

The new findings echo a 2010 study by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh. That paper evaluated cases of non-accidental head injury among infants and young children from 2004 through 2009 in four urban children’s hospitals. The researchers found almost twice as many cases of abusive head trauma per month in the recession period — starting in December 2007 — compared with the period prior to the recession.

The idea for the study came to Huang during her third-year rotation on the pediatric neurosurgery service. “Some of the doctors mentioned that we’d been seeing a lot of non-accidental head trauma, and they wondered if it could have anything to do with the recession,” Huang said. “I thought this would be a great question to explore using our trauma registry.”

Huang and her colleagues reviewed the hospital’s database for cases of non-accidental head trauma (NAHT) in children up to 2 years old from December 2001 through June 2010. During that time, 639 infants under the age of 2 were admitted for traumatic injuries, and 93 of the cases were classified as NAHT.

A total of 43 cases of NAHT occurred in the 31 months of the recession period (December 2007 through June 2010), compared with 50 cases during the 72 months of the non-recession period (December 2001 through November 2007), which represented a 101 percent increase.

Significantly more serious injuries were also noted during the recession, resulting in more deaths and cases of severe brain injury, the research team found.

“We really weren’t expecting to see such a big increase,” Huang noted. “It was pretty startling for all of us.”

During the recession, overall traumas decreased by 8.2 percent, and accidental infant head traumas went down 3.5 percent, but the proportion of months in which at least one infant was admitted for NAHT was 58 percent greater than during the non-recession period.

Pediatric care providers need to be aware of the rise in child abuse during economic downturns and screen appropriately, the authors said.

Dr. Robert Block, professor and chair of pediatrics at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, said the study findings weren’t surprising.

“We know that times of increased stress may be more dangerous for babies,” he said, “and so it makes sense that in a recession, where there are all kinds of very stressful situations, we would see an uptick in these kinds of injuries.”

Block, who is president-elect of the American Academy of Pediatrics, speculated that cuts to social services programs in recent years may have also been a factor.

“Cutting services that support children and families is a terribly wrong-headed move,” said Block, “because the babies who are affected, if they survive, will have lifelong consequences as a result of this violent abuse.”

More information

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has more on preventing child abuse.

What are we thinking? It’s more than politics.

 

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Domestic Violence Part IV

Assault on a Woman’s Worth

HOW DO YOU BUILD HEALTHY BOUNDARIES?

Today is the day to come out of the ditch of domestic violence… and stay out. Allow God to help you build boundaries that will curtail co-dependant habits and eventually put YOU on the road to Transformation, where Christlike maturity protects and takes mastery over all your relationships.

Here are practical steps you can take to nurture healthy B-O-U-N-D-A-R-I-E-S:

B  Begin a new way of thinking about yourself, about God, and about abuse (Romans 12:2)

  • God did not create you so that you would be abused.
  • Abuse is a sin against God’s creation.
  • You were not created to be abused.

O  Overcome fear of the unknown by trusting God with the future (Psalm 34:4).

Memorized:

  • Deuteronomy 31:8
  • Psalm 56:3
  • Isaiah 41:10

U  Understand the biblical mandate to hold abusers accountable (Psalm 10:15).

  • Confrontation is biblical.
  • Confrontation can be used by God’s Spirit to convict the abuser.
  • Lack of confrontation enables abusers to continue abusing others.

N  Notify others of your needs (supportive friends, relatives, or others) (Galatians 6:2)

  • They must believe you.
  • They must be trustworthy.
  • If you leave, they must not divulge your new location to your husband.

D  Develop god’s perspective on biblical submission  (Ephesians 5:21).

  • Submission never gives a license for abuse.
  • Submission is not to be demanded; it should be a voluntary deference to the desire of another.
  • Submission is designed by God to be a way of life for everyone.

A  Admit your anger and practice forgiveness (Hebrews 12:15).

  • Confirm the hurt.
  • Confess your anger.
  • Choose to forgive.

R  Recognize your codependent patterns of relating, and change the way you respond (Galatians 1:10).

  • Don’t respond fearfully, hiding the truth.
  • Don’t think you can change him.
  • Don’t take responsibility for his behavioral

I  Identify healthy boundaries for yourself, and commit to maintaining them (Proverbs 19:19).

  • Communicate your boundaries.
  • State what you will do if he crosses your boundaries.
  • Follow through if he crosses your boundaries.  For example: State firmly that the next time he abuses you, you will call the police, or he can no longer live at home, or you will leave with the children. Then follow through with the promise of action.

E  Ensure your personal safety (and the safety of your children) immediately (Psalm 4:8).

  • Have an action plan.
  • Know ahead of time where you will go and whom you will call. Have the necessary numbers easily accessible.
  • Involve your church. Know, in advance, the person to contact for help.

S  See your identity as being a precious child of God through your belief in Jesus Christ, and identity that cannot change, rather then your role as a wife., a role that can change (I John 3:1).

  • God chose you.
  • God adopted you.
  • God redeemed you.

Is the “headship” of a husband a license to harm his wife? Does your head tell your hand to grab a hammer and hit your eye? No, your head protects your body – it matters not he price. So the husband as the head should protect his wife with his life.

 

 

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Domestic Violence Part III

Assault on a Woman’s Worth

WHY DOES HE DO IT?

  • He grew up watching abuse between his parents.
  • He experienced abuse as a child.
  • He views her as a possession instead of as a person.
  • He thinks using force is his right as a husband.
  • He fears losing her.
  • He blames her for his low self-esteem.
  • He believes his power demonstrates his superiority.
  • He wants of feel significant and in control.
  • He possesses an unbiblical view of submission.
  • He has learned that violence works.

WHY DOESN’T SHE LEAVE?

  • She is terrified of her husband and what he will do if she leaves.
  • She is afraid he will take her children.
  • She has an incorrect understanding of biblical submission.
  • She is manipulated by his threats of suicide.
  • She blames herself and believes she deserves to be abused.
  • She feels that any father for the children is better than no father.
  • She fears she can’t make it financially without him.
  • She has been told she is insane, and she fears that is true.
  • She doesn’t know there are organizations and services that can help her.

IS IT ALL RIGHT TO LEAVE A VIOLENT OR THREATENING SITUATION?

In the bible a hierarchy of submission exists, with God being the highest authority. Scripture reveals that godly people sometimes physically separate from their ungodly authorities. Biblically, we are to submit to our governing authorities, yet David fled King Saul with God’s blessing. Although David was one of the king’s subjects, when Saul’s actions became violent, David escaped:

“The LORD was with David but had left Saul… Saul tried to pin him to the wall with his spear, but David eluded him as Saul drove the spear into the wall. That night David made good his escape” (I Samuel 18:12; 19:10).

WHY DOES SHE LEAVE?

  • She finally realizes he will not change if circumstances remain the same.
  • She understands that leaving may be the only way to get her husband to change.
  • He is now acting out his threats of abuse.
  • His abuse is occurring more frequently.
  • He has begun to abuse the children.
  • She wants to prevent the children form imitating his behavior.
  • She has found help through friends, family, church, or professional organizations.
  • She realizes it is not God ‘s will for anyone to be abused.
  • She is afraid for her life or for the lives of her children.
  • She realizes there is a thin line between threats and homicide.

IS LEAVING AN ABUSIVE HUSBAND UNBIBLICAL?

The bible teaches wives are to submit to their husbands. So isn’t leaving an abusive husband against the teaching of the Bible? No. the Bibles give specific instruction to the wife of a hot-tempered man. When she is in danger, temporary separation is appropriate:

“Do not make friends with a hot-tempered man, do not associate with one easily angered” (Proverbs 22:24).

 

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Domestic Violence Part II

Assault on a Woman’s Worth

What Protection Is Available Through The Legal System?

Violent outbursts can occur at any time and can escalate when a husband senses or is informed his wife is leaving. A wife who is wise will have prepared for the worst by having a safety plan for leaving. For a detailed list of strategies and legal system information, please contact Hope for the Heart toll free at 1-800-488-HOPE (4673) or http://www.HopeForThe Hear.org.

Is there A Root Cause For Domestic Violence?

Some people can’t comprehend the whys of abuse. Why does he do it? Why does she accept it? Within the heart of every person are three God-given inner needs-for love, for significance, and for security. At times we attempt to get our needs met illegitimately. The abuser abuses his victim in order to feel significant. The abused stays in the abusive relationship in order to feel secure-either because she feels she can’t live without him or feels terrified that the violence will escalate if she leaves him. God’s solution is that they both need to look to the Lord to meet their deepest inner needs.

The LORD will guide you always: he will satisfy your needs in a sun-scorched land and will strengthen your frame. You will be like a well-watered garden, like a spring whose waters never fail.

Wrong Belief of Abusers Who Abuse In Order To Feel Significant

  • “She’s to blame for what’s happening. As head of the home, she belongs to me. If I don’t control her, I could lose her, so I’ll do whatever it takes to show her who’s boss.”

Wrong Belief Of An Abused Person Who Accepts Abuse In Order To Fell Secure

  • “I’m to blame for what he’s doing to me. If I don’t give in to him, I could lose him. He is my  security.” Or, “If I don’t give in to him, he could kill me. Pleasing him is my only security.”

Right Belief Of The Abuser

“I am the only one responsible for my abusive behavior. She is not to blame. Even if I  lose her, I’ll never lose God. he is my source of significance and promises to meet my needs.”

” My God will meet all your needs according to his glorious riches in Christ Jesus” (Philippians 4:19)

Right Belief Of The Abused

“I’m not to blame for my husband’s abuse. Even if I lose him, I will never lose Jesus, who liven in me. Because the Lord promises to be my provider, I will depend on Him to meet all my needs. The Lord is my source of security.”

“For your Maker is your husband- The LORD Almighty is his name” (Isaiah 54:5).

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Domestic Violence Part 1

Assault on a Woman’s Worth

Domestic violence id devastating. While abusive acts are committed by both men and women, approximately 95% of domestic violence victims are women. How many children are affected by this problem? And many of these women blame themselves for the abuse, which further fuels the  cycle of violence. Domestic violence refers to a pattern of coercive and violent behaviors exercised by one adult in an intimate relationship with another.

Many victims find themselves thrown into the ditch of domestic violence. And as they repeatedly try to escape, they’re violently shoved back in to suffer more abuse. The violation of a trusted relationship produces sever pain. In the midst of it all one can find comfort in Psalm 34:18: “The LORD is close to the broken hearted and saves whose who are crushed in spirit.

What Is The Cycle Of Abuse?

Like a volcano, abuse doesn’t start with a sudden outburst of physical force, but rather with intense internal pressure in need of an outlet. Abusive patterns develop in three stages that are cyclical and become increasingly violent. Family members who fall victim to these patterns can feel traumatized by the mere anticipation of a violent eruption. Unfortunately, the escalating nature of abuse is rarely curbed without intervention and adequate accountability. Psalm 10:15 says, “Break the arm of the wicked and evil man; call him to account for his wickedness that would not be found out.”

Agitated Stage: An environment of tension and anxiety marks the beginning phase of abuse. The husband communicates his dissatisfaction over something small and blames his wife. Through verbal and emotional abuse, a husband maintains passive psychological control over his wife and creates fear of impeding disaster. During this stage many women buy into the lies spoken to them and accept responsibility for their husbands’ unhappiness. Then they try to adjust their own behavior in an effort to please their husbands and relieve the tension in their homes.

“From the fruit of his lips a man enjoys good things, but the unfaithful have a craving for violence”  (Proverbs 13:2).

Acute Stage: In this phase, the pressure becomes so intense that the abuser erupts and services full vent to his rage. When violent behavior is unleashed, family members, outsiders, or police are often call upon to diffuse the rage. This acute stage of aggressive behavior doesn’t last long, but over time these overpowering outburst tend to become more frequent and more dangerous.

“An angry man stirs up dissension and a hot-tempered one commits many sins” (Proverbs 29:22)

Apologetic Stage: During this “honeymoon phase, ” the abuser becomes contrite, and the wife feels soothed by her husband’s loving actions. This temporary honeymoon phase is characterized by a dramatic transformation from being villainous to virtuous. This transformation is demonstrated by a number of the following : apologies, crying, gifts, helpfulness, bargaining, penitence, peacemaking, accepting responsibility, remorse, romance, promises, pleading. With renewed hope for change and the wife’s deep desire to have a successful marriage, she views her husband’s overtures as apologies and extends forgiveness. But, as with all honeymoon, they don’t last , and the cycle of anger occurs again… and again.

“The prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and suffer for it” (Proverbs 27:12).

 

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Emergency Housing The Problem in Washington, DC

Who is Homeless?
More than 15,000 people are homeless in Washington, DC over the course of a typical year, one of the highest rates of homelessness in the country. On a single night in January 2013, 6,865 persons in the city were counted as homeless, 512 of whom were unsheltered and 473 of whom are Veterans.  As of January, 2013, there were almost 4,000 people in 983 homeless families in emergency shelter in DC, as well as many more who were doubled up with acquaintances or sleeping on the street. The number of homeless families in DC has increased by almost 40% since 2009.

There are more than 1,600 homeless youth in Washington, DC over the course of a given year, far exceeding the 77 beds specifically reserved for homeless youth in D.C. In a 2011 survey of 500 unaccompanied youth in DC, 77% reported being homeless within the past 2 weeks.

There were at least 1,868 homeless children in Washington, DC as of 20136, not counting those who are in families that are doubled up with others or sleeping on the streets.
Among unaccompanied (single) homeless persons in DC, 32% report a history of substance abuse, and 28% severe mental illness; 12% suffer from chronic health problems, and 23% are physically disabled. In homeless families, only 8% of adults have a substance abuse problem, and 11% suffer from mental illness.

All of these conditions are exacerbated by homelessness.

  • 45% of unaccompanied homeless adults in DC reported no income of any kind as of Jan. 2013.
  • 20% of homeless single adults in DC, and 25% of adults in homeless families were employed as of January, 2013.
  • 15% of homeless individuals in DC are veterans, and 31% of those in homeless families have been victims of domestic violence.

Why are so many homeless?

  • 30% of DC children under 18 live at or below the poverty line, which is $22,000 for a family of four. The poverty rate for all DC residents increased in 2010 to 19.9%, the third highest poverty rate in the nation.
  • In the District, a worker earning the Minimum Wage ($8.25 per hour) must work approximately 132 hours per week, 52 weeks a year, or earn $27/hour at 40 hours a week, to afford a 2-bedroom apartment at Fair Market Rent, which is $1,412 per month.
  • As of March,2013, the unemployment rate in Washington DC was 8.3%, much higher than the rate for the surrounding metropolitan area.15 Homeless individuals with no phone or permanent address stand a slim chance competing for jobs in an already tight job market.
  • DC’s TANF (welfare) benefits are inadequate to meet the needs of District families, and have only increased twice since the 1980s, with a family of three now receiving $428 a month.16 DC recently cut benefits by 20 percent for families that have received assistance for 60 months or longer from $428 to $342.

In DC, more than 18,000 families, including 72% of homeless families, receive TANF as their primary source of income.

  • The maximum Food Stamps available in Washington, DC is $200/month for 1 person; $367 for 2 people; and $526 for 3 persons, and is even less for those who get TANF or SSI.
  • 4% of DC’s total population and 35% of its children rely on Food Stamps as their only source of nutrition, an increase of 56% since 2006.
  • Social Security Disability (SSI) benefits, the sole source of income for more than 15,000 disabled DC residents, is $710/month, which constitutes only 17% of area median income and is equivalent to $4.36/hour in wages. It takes an average of 2 years after applying to obtain these benefits, yet the only DC benefits available for disabled adults is Interim Disability Assistance (IDA) of $270/month, which has a wait list. 

Is there enough shelter?

  • Year round, there are 2,259 emergency shelter beds for unaccompanied single adults in DC, and only 443 emergency shelter units for families.
  •  In 2011, a total of 1,991 families applied for emergency shelter, yet only a small percentage of them were placed, with the rest left to fend for themselves.
  • For most applicants, the wait for emergency family shelter is at least 6 months with most families only being sheltered during “Hypothermia Season”. Between Nov. 2012 and March 2013 alone, 661 families applied for emergency shelter, 240 of which were turned away.
  • 15% of unaccompanied homeless respondents in an April 2009 survey were forced to sleep on the streets due to shelters being full, and 40% refused to enter shelters due to overcrowding. On average, homeless individuals were turned away from emergency shelter 25 times each night.

Is there enough housing? 

  • Washington, DC is the least affordable housing jurisdiction in the country when compared to other “states”. At the same time, DC’s rental market has only a 3.5% vacancy rate, the third lowest in the country, and market rents are unaffordable even for middle class workers such as police officers and teachers.
  •  80% of extremely low income residents of DC (less than 30% of area median income), and almost half of all DC households, pay more than 30% of their income for rent, which by definition is unaffordable.
  • 65% of extremely low income households, and 20% of all DC households, spend more than 50% of their income on rent, an increase of more than 15,000 households since 2000, with the typical low income household spending almost 70% of income on housing.
  •  As of April, 2013 there were approximately 70,000 households on the wait list for the DC Housing Authority’s Public Housing and Housing Choice Voucher Programs, 25,000 of which list themselves as homeless. Yet, DC’s public housing stock has decreased by 4,000 units since 2000, to only 8,000 total, and DCHA’s 12,800 Housing Choice Vouchers rarely turn over, making the average wait for a voucher 20 years.
  • Since the year 2000, the number of low-cost rental units in D.C. has dropped by 50%.

30 Meanwhile, the number of rental units in the city costing more than the median rent have tripled. In fact, rents in DC grew more during the recession of 2007-2010 than in the preceding 7 years.

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Sexual Assault Recovery- Rescued and Restored And Just So You Will Know The Final Word

What Are Practical Do’s And Don’t For Others?

How you speak with a survivor makes a significant difference in the recovery process. Realize the healing power of your words. Proverbs 12:18 says, “Reckless words pierce like a sword, but the tongue of the wise brings healing.”

-Don’t react with shock or horror. Respond with compassion.

-Don’t suggest the victim could have avoided it. Affirm that the victim is not at fault in any way!

-Don’t ask for details of the incident. Suggest the victim write down details for authorities.

-Don’t offer quick and simplistic answers. Encourage the victim with God’s unfailing love.

-Don’t press the victim to initiate immediate forgiveness. Refer the victim to professional counseling.

-Don’t criticize choices or decisions made by the victim. Strongly suggest the victim report the crime.

– Don’t infer that this was God’s chastisement for sin. Encourage medical treatment.

-Don’t change the subject. Urge the victim to write down her feelings.

-Don’t speak at all if you don’t know what to say. Comfort with your presence.

In all that you say and do, “carry each other’s burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ” (Galatians 6:2)

Realize, regardless of your suffering, there are no hopeless situations, only those who have grown hopeless.

Ecclesiastes 9:4 says, “Anyone who is among the living has hope.” Therefore, never, never, never give up hope!

 

 

 

 

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